What are the markings on a handball court and what purpose do they serve?

  • 6 meter line (Goal Area Line): The 6 meter line is used delineate the goal area where neither offensive or defensive players can physically stand. Players, however, can jump into this area, but must shoot or pass the ball prior to landing. If a player touches this line while in possession of the ball it is a “goalkeeper’s ball” (turnover). If an offensive or defensive player moves into the goal area they need to move back into the field of play as soon as possible without impacting play. If play is not impacted there is no penalty. If play, however, is impacted it may result in a penalty shot or free throw for the other team.
  • 9 meter line (Free Throw Line): The 9 meter dotted line is used when a “free throw” is awarded after a foul. All players on offense must start play above the 9 m line.
  • 7 meter line: The 7 meter line is used for penalty throws. The shooting player must stand behind this line and avoid touching or crossing this line when he shoots.
  • 4 meter dot (Goalkeeper’s Restraining Line): The 4 meter dot is only relevant on penalty throws and the goalkeeper must stand behind the dot. Many goalkeepers will defend the shot from this location to cut down the shooter’s angle for shots in the corners of the goal.
  • Substitution Area: 4.5 meters from the center line is a small line that defines the substitution area. Each team must make substitutions between the center line and the substitution line.

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